Eversheds Sutherland 11th Circuit Business Blog
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No Class-Action Tolling for Chiquita Terrorism Plaintiffs

The court was presented with a set of exotic facts in Garcia v. Chiquita Brands International, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 25192 (11th Cir. Sept. 8, 2022), but applied two familiar principles of civil procedure to decide the relatively narrow issues on appeal. The decision was the court’s second in the controversy arising from Chiquita’s guilty plea to unlawfully funding a paramilitary...

Settlement Class Defined to Include Uninjured Members Cannot Be Approved

An appeal concerning the meaning of coupon settlements under the Class Action Fairness Act instead produced an important opinion, Drazen v. Pinto, 2022 LEXIS 20766 (11th Cir. July 27, 2022), addressing the certification of classes that are defined to include members who have not been injured. Some background may be helpful in understanding the ruling. In TransUnion LLC v. Ramirez, 141...

En Banc Court Stands by Ban on Class-Action Incentive Payments for Plaintiffs

Nearly two years after a divided three-three judge panel held that federal law prohibits “incentive payments” to named class representatives (see our previous blog post here), the Eleventh Circuit denied a petition to rehear that case en banc. Johnson v. NPAS Solutions, LLC, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 21455 (11th Cir. Aug. 3, 2022). The denial effectively upholds that prohibition across...

“Local Controversy” CAFA Exception Not Established by Proof of Class Citizenship

An inartfully pleaded class definition coupled with a failure of proof was enough to prevent a class-action plaintiff from invoking the Class Action Fairness Act’s “local controversy” exception to avoid removal from the sheltering arms of a Florida circuit court, according to the Eleventh Circuit in Simring v. GreenSky, LLC, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 8002 (11th Cir. Mar. 28, 2022). The...

Eleventh Circuit Affirms Approval of (Almost) All of Equifax Data Breach Settlement

In In re: Equifax, Inc. Customer Data Sec. Breach Litig. (Huang v. Equifax, Inc.), 2021 WL 2250845 (11th Cir. June 3, 2021), the Eleventh Circuit upheld the district court’s approval of a class settlement arising out of the Equifax data breach – except for the incentive awards to the class representatives, as to which the court reversed the district court in light of Johnson v. NPAS...

General Statistical Evidence of “Local Controversy” Held Insufficient for Jurisdiction Under Class Action Fairness Act

Can class-action plaintiffs avoid federal court by relying on general economic studies and  population statistics to prove that their case should be in state court? Not in the Eleventh Circuit. In Smith v. Marcus & Millichap, Inc., 2021 WL 939184 (11th Cir. Mar. 12, 2021), the court held that “studies, surveys, and census data—which do not directly involve the plaintiffs”—are...

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